The OF is a framework based on rights and principles. It encourages the reintegration and development sectors to move from the geographic phases of return and reintegration to focus on the operational planning stages: i.e. pre-design, design, implementation and follow-up. In this way, the OF aims to support ERRIN Member States to align the objectives and activities of reintegration and development actors in return contexts. It recognizes that to be successful, a range of actors at multiple levels must be involved, including reintegration and development actors; international, national and local actors; the returnees themselves and their communities; and actors specializing in specific sectors. To achieve this integration, the OF establishes key guiding principles, operational standards, an ecosystem of actors and standard processes to develop effective and robust referral mechanisms. These referral mechanisms provide a continuum of services to returnees from pre-departure to post-arrival and thus offer greater opportunities for sustainable reintegration.
Samuel Hall was commissioned by the European Return and Reintegration Network (ERINN) to produce an Operational Framework (OF) for the ERINN Technical Working Group on Reintegration and Development (TWG R&D), funded by the Asylum Fund, EU Migration and Integration (AMIF -Special Actions), in collaboration with the International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). The OF corresponds to the objectives of the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI/Global Europe) and the Asylum, Migration & Integration Fund, which aim for a more effective financing framework around voluntary returns.
Data was collected both in the countries of origin (Bangladesh, Nigeria, Iraq, Ghana and Tunisia) and of destination (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France and Germany).